cow part uses 6


NOTE: I am going to break down the uses of this part into three: A. the skin alone (referred to as leather), B. the skin and hair (referred to as hair-on) and C. the hair alone. The raw materials (particularly in cattle) are usually a byproduct of the meat manufacturing industry. source: accessed February 15th 2013, 2.12pm

A1. clothing as material usually leather but also as suede, bycast leather and rawhide(and others). For the hide to be made into leather it must undergo intensive processing involving the three sets of processes: First, preparatory involving soaking, dehairing, fleshing, splitting, degreasing, liming and a number of other practices. During this set, particularly the spliting phase, sections of the hides will be separated for use as rawhide and suede. Secondly, following this the hide will be treated (tanned). there are a number of different types of tanning. All are designed to stabilise the material. As with human skin, it is subject to deterioration and rotting. If not tanned it will break down easily and become dry and brittle and will shrink and deform when wet. Tanning with vegetable tannins was the original process, but is not considered suitable for longevity and suppleness in garments. Most tanning processes utilise noxious and/or poisonous chemicals including chromium, aldehyde and formaldehyde, polymers and resins(generally derived from fossil fuels) and aluminium. The final set of treatments, referred to as crusting thicken, embellish, finish, dye and polish the leather according to the look intended. source:  accessed February 15th 2013, 3.04pm

A2. Upholstery and rugs(for furniture, wall and floor linings, transport interiors and others) as A1 above. Generally using the full grain- which employs the full thickness of the skin. Aniline (accessed February 15th 2013, 3.30pm) leather is generally considered as “premium” quality. Cheaper products including bycast (accessed February 15th 2013, 2.15pm) and bonded (accessed February 15th 2013, 3.46pm) leather are also widely used for economy products.

A3. Personal accessories including wallets, handbags, bags, gloves(usually only workman’s (accessed February 15th 2013, 4.34pm)gloves), belts and A1 above. All generally employ full grain (accessed February 15th 2013, 3.56pm) leather. However a number of specialised variants are used including calfslink (according to wikipedia, although i have only found manufacturers using slink from lamb (accessed February 15th 2013, 4.17pm). As an aside slink lamb (accessed February 15th 2013, 4.00pm).is leather from a stillborn or unborn lamb(we can imagine that this may not just be a byproduct of natural processes (accessed February 15th 2013, 4.26pm); where there is a demand and money to be made…, nubuck (accessed February 15th 2013, 4.37pm), nappa (accessed February 15th 2013, 4.44pm)leather (again, please note nappa leather usually uses lamb skin) and buckskin (accessed February 15th 2013, 4.44pm).                                                I have to take the time to mention Do NOT mistake this appallingly named company for, the appropriately named worldwide online restaurant and food shop site. Please click here for my correspondence with this company.

A4. Horse tack, including saddles, bridles and reigns. source: accessed february 15th 2013 5.00pm.Interestingly, even what is regarded as one of the premiere saddle constructors in the world does not detail its range and type of leather, just the finishes.

A5. Sporting equipment, particularly balls.(including afl, basketball, american football, baseball, volleyball, soccer, rugby, cricket, softball (accessed 15th February 2013 between 10.00pm and 11.15pm), gloves and protective wear (including baseball, softball, golf, archery, boxing, (accessed 15th february 2013 between 10.00pm and 11.35pm)

A6. Musical Instruments particularly using rawhide as drum covers. source: accessed february 15th 2013 11.40pm

A7. Book binding utilising rawhide and other skin variants processed into parchment, vellum and binding and cover leather. source: accessed february 15th 2013 11.46pm also see cow brains.

A8. Art supplies, as raw products used in jewellery, general crafts, sculpture, painting, stamping and embossing. source: accessed february 15th 2013 11.50pm

A9. Animal consumption as dog food using rawhide in chewing products. source: accessed February 15th 2013 11.59pm

A10. Soap manufacture as stearic acid* utilising the fats removed during fleshing as part of the excess flesh and fat layer on the rear of the skin. source: accessed february 16th 2013 12.27am

A11.*Shampoo manufacture as glycol distearate which is a chemical compound utilizing stearic acid (see A10 above). It is used, it appears, to provide a pearlescent appearance to the product. It can be derived from plant sources, as is every other component in most shampoos. source: accessed 21st february 2013 4.30pm

A12.*Shaving soap manufacture as tallow(rendered fat). Still in use today particularly by traditionalists believing it provides a better soap. source: accessed february 21st 2013 5.16pm

please note this post is in interim

On why these pages exist and for an index of the pages please click here

Advertisements is disgusting

I need to write this.

I know this is one tiny company in a world of horrors, far larger horrors, committed by numerous individuals intent on pursuing their own wealth at the expense of living animals, including humans. It is, however, a very good example of the excuses that we make for ourselves when using and enjoying animal derived products.

Please find my correspondence with them

1. first contact made by me via their on site contact us format on the 6th of February 2013 at 8.51pm

“where do you get off…calling yourself happy cow? How is a cow happy…..being led to and slaughtered?
would you be happy? you dont think they know? you would know. They can smell better than you. they can smell blood so much better so much stronger than you. They hear better than you. They can hear stunners, cutting, lopping, crying, screaming so much better than you. They can feel the atmosphere. they can feel the fear. They are prodded by painful pointy sticks….do you ever get prodded by pointy sticks? ever want to? no? neither do they. They think, live, care for each other, give birth, raise their young. work as a group, are social. They are passive beings. They ARE NOT HAPPY when they are on their way to being slaughtered, and especiallly at the moment of slaughter.
Why not look at this video.
linked to youtube.
at 7 minutes….fast forward if you must, the slaughter of cows and the consequences. This is from the abbaitoir workers point of view. It does not speak for the animals feelings…only the humans. nevertheless if you watch and you are a thinking caring human being, how can you fail to be swayed by these human’s evidence of what they have participated in and seen and felt and thought.
If you even stopped to think…..just stop. you would understand how incredibly insulting and not to mention false your brand name is. Shame on you.”

2. Their response was received on the 8th February 2013, although posted on their online ticket system on the 7th of February 2013 at 6.22pm

“Hi potr,

Thank you for your email.

We share the same concern for you about animal cruelty.

If you look at our ‘about’ page and any of the product pages you will see all our items are made from scrap leather (ie: rubbish) so no animals are harmed in the making of the bags. Hence why we are called Happy Cow.

All the best,


3. I the responded directly to his email address on the 8th of February 2013 at 2.41pm

What if NO animals whose skins are used to make hide were killed for manufacturing purposes…..What would you do then?
You NEED that industry to exist, so that you can get your RUBBISH leather. You are complicit in the slaughter of sentient, feeling, emotional and thinking beings. Mammals as we are.
Sustainable means “the capacity to endure”. The only reason why your business is sustainable is because the meat and hide production industries exist.

If you used gold and that gold was “recycled” from the teeth of people killed by the Nazis in the gas chambers of Auschwitz, would that be ok? Not sustainable, i grant you, but by your definition “cruelty free”.

All i asked was that you changed your name. It is wrong.

No cow happily goes to be slaughtered for its meat, its skin and also other “rubbish parts” such as its entrails, bones, eyes, horns and numerous other parts. Your appendix is not necessary, shall we cut it out, stun you, not anaesthetise and then cut you open to get it out, then maybe we can use that as a purse!.

By the way, leather may have once been natural, but cannot stay that way as it would rot. Its treated with chemicals to change its composition and remove the smells inherent with the decay of any once living thing. Actually come to think of it, if you really want to be sustainable why not look into harvesting the skins of dead people and turning them into “leather” im sure the colours would be lovely, pale and capable of achieving any finished result you could think of it…and so sustainable. Unless of course they became too popular….then you might have to buy the offcuts from a serial killer. Wow you could call yourself
Is your name trademarked by the way? where?
yours nothappyjustin”

If you want to write to him, please do to:

by the way, this is their explanation of their philosophy from their website:

The Happy Cow Story

An Open Letter From The Founder To You

First and foremost, I would like to thank you for your interest in Happy Cow. There are so many businesses out their competing for your attention and I am grateful that you chose to give some of your valuables time to our cause.

When I was fresh out of High School, I went travelling around the world and discovered many things on my journey about myself, about others and about the world at large. I also discovered a fascinating type of hands-free bag known in Australia as a “Bum Bag” and in the USA as a “Fanny Pack”. As a traveller who was (and still is) always on the move I loved the idea of a bag that allowed me to keep my hands free, my shoulders relaxed and my valuables secure. What I didn’t like so much was the design (or lack thereof) of these bags I noticed on other travellers.

At one stage during my journey, I found myself in New Delhi, India and became very close friends with a man who manufactures bags and belts from recycled leather. Brand new leather was extremely expensive and thus he had cleverly made contacts with furniture manufacturers and they agreed to let him take their scrap pieces which were too small to use for furniture but large enough to make numerous bags. From my point of view this was incredible, now I could make bags out of leather (the most durable and flexible material natural material) without compromising my morals and without damaging the environment. We drank a lot of Chai that day and discussed the Belt Bag concept and our plans for the future, my designs became physical samples a few days later.

I knew right away this was an incredible opportunity. Here I had access to Leather which was not just sustainable but also cruelty-free (as we were not contributing to demand for leather). On top of all this, the leather was also brand new and available at a price that would allow us to offer our bags at prices anyone could afford.

As any business owner knows building a business from scratch with no experience, no partners and no money can be rather challenging at times. It took 5 years for Happy Cow to really hit it off and our big break came with the launch of a new television series called “Burn Notice”. The main character of the show (‘Fiona’) by chance wore a Hip Bag very similar to a Happy Cow bag. The original bag was made purely for the show and the manufacturer had no intention of producing more. Thus fans of the show searched the internet for something similar to Fiona’s Hip Bag that was available for purchase. Someone stumbled across my website, placed a link from their blog and overnight Happy Cow become a world-wide brand.

Now we send Hip Bags to customers on all continents of the planet, we have had thousands of emails from happy customers and we have the biggest and most popular range of Hip Bags in the world.

I have always believed that what goes around, comes around. Thus in my business I have two priorities; looking after the planet and looking after the customer. Whenever I hear people discussing whether global warming is real or not I often add – “What if global warming is a hoax and we make the world a better place for nothing?” The point is that we are the intelligent beings on this planet and we are aware of how incredibly complex and beautiful the world around us is. Any logical human being will realise it is our responsibility to do whatever we can to keep our world looking beautiful. That is why we use 100% sustainable recycled leather (which does not harm animals or contribute to demand for leather), run a paperless office and print promotional material on 100% recycled paper.

Business is not meant to be just about making some money, it’s also about connecting with another human being. Sharing what you have created with them for mutual benefit. When I was very little my grandfather used to tell me, “focus on making your customer smile and the profit will come on its own”. So in that spirit I would like you to feel completely free to contact me directly with any concerns, questions, feedback, compliments or complaints. I can be contacted at

I hope you experience as much fun with your Happy Cow bags as we do!

Sincerely Yours,


Justin A H Snyder”

list of product names that definitely contain animal or animal derived products

This post will be added to as I find EXACT and verify. Later i will probably sort it.

  • red bull (taurine)
  •  Atorvastatin by Sandoz Australia(lactic acid derived from animal-mammal milk various animals)
  • ALL products made by pet food company Green Tripe TM (cow tripe, pancreas and others)

On why these pages exist and for an index of the pages please click here


cow part uses 5


1. human consumption as a whole raw source:,_offal%28small_intestine,_raw%29/ accessed february 13th 2013 6.04pm and cooked via various methods source: accessed february 13th 2013 6.08 pm

2. human consumption as casings for sausages and support structures for other stuffings. source: accessed 13th February 4.55pm

3. human consumption as filler and a component of manufactured meat used in many processed foods. source: accessed february 13th 2013 6.16pm

4. animal consumption as pet food, particularly taurine, which extracted from the bile contained in the upper intestine. source: accessed 12th February 3.55pm

5. human consumption as a component in many sports and energy drinks, using taurine, which extracted from the bile contained in the upper intestine. for example this source: accessed February 13th 2013 5.10pm

6. human consumption as a component in many infant formulas, using taurine. Source: accessed february 13th 2013 5.17pm

7. cosmetics as used in variously formulated products, using taurine which is claimed to have scar healing and anti-ageing properties. source: accessed february 13th 2013 5.28pm

8. pharmaceuticals There is much discussion and research of use of taurine(again!) for both medicinal and supplementary pharmaceutical benefit of humans. In particular, many sites report the use of Taurine in drugs treating various epileptic and other seizure type illnesses. It is important to ask the drug company manufacturing a particular medicine for its clarification of ingredient. Note: Taurine can be synthetically manufactured. Sandoz Australia (by example) advised by telephone(february 12th 2013 10.30am), that their generically produced lamotrogine does not contain any animal or so derived products. This source exemplifies the current investigations into use of taurine in drugs treating many illnesses and diseases including various forms of cancer and of course, epilepsy:[MeSH+Terms accessed February 13th 2013 5.47pm

9. sports equipment as ‘gut strings’ used for stringing tennis raquets. source: accessed february 13th 2013 5.57pm

10. musical instruments as ‘catgut’ used in the manufacture of the strings of various musical instruments. source: accessed february13th 2013 6.00pm

11. Book binding as the structure of ‘goldbeater’s skin’. A product made by using the intestines of various animals along with gold to form a binding parchment. source: accessed february 15th 2013 4.12pm. When cattle is employed, the calves intenstines are preferred.*

On why these pages exist and for an index of the pages please click here

*revised february 15th 2013

cow part uses 4


1. human consumption as a whole( known as tripe) mostly cooked via various methods and sometimes pickled. source: accessed february 12th 2013 12.27 am

2. human consumption as filler product used particular in sausages, and other processed meat products

3. human consumption using the mucosa (membrane) from the fourth stomach of calves as rennet commonly used in production of cheese. source: accessed february 13th 2013 4.53pm*

4. animal consumption as pet, particularly “green tripe” which is the fourth stomach of the cow, which has not been washed and bleached as for human consumption. source: accessed february 12th 2013 12.30am.

5. production of biofuel, using the stomachs of living cows. This has not necessarily been put into “real production” although it is being researched, using living animals. source: accessed february 12th 2013 5.46pm.

6. experimentation and testing of safety issues (on live animals ), via ingestion via the stomach. This particularly notable in regard to use of HPV (High Production Volume Testing) in which toxicities of various materials are tested via ingestion and the end effects observed. This does employ use of cows such as in this string obtained using the U.S government EPA site: and then and then and then accessed february 12th 7.15pm

On why these pages exist and for an index of the pages please click here

* revised February 14th 2013

why am i doing this

I began this journey several years ago, when i read “Eating Animals” by Jonathan Safran Foer. Until then I had purposely ignored and avoided dealing with animal use issues. I read the book because Jonathan Safran Foer is one of my favourite authors, possibly the favourite (although i guess Victoria Finlay and Gita Serreny are equal). The book made me sob. Sob for my behaviour and purposeful ignorance of our societies evil enslavement, torture and murdering of animals and in turn, mine. I have been vegetarian since then. Finally, I asked a fine vegan friend of mine, what was wrong with milk and eggs. (apart from the obvious known issues). I had thought myself so righteous that i was choosing only organic products, free-range and debeak free. She quietly and calmly, without judgement, explained to me why she had made the choice. Now faced with this knowledge I spent a week torturing myself by viewing as much as i could, (the viewing is important, even though words are powerful, they cannot change the evidence of your own eyes). The grief and rage i felt during this was as unbearable as the loss I have felt in any and every other situation in my life, and believe me i have had more than my share. There is no going back. Once i realised, then the whole thing is so large and intolerable and hurtful. One feels powerless because it is neverending and seems impossible for one person to change. I finally resolved that all i am capable of is to change me. One person.                            During my travels, I came upon this site: The person who founded this site is Gary Yourosfky. If you are on the same path as me, i cannot urge you enough to go here. Read every last part of it. Time and time again i have searched for something, only to come back to Gary and discovered he had an answer. His answers are the REASONS, not the HOW, well not completely. I am sure he will get there on the everything. Unlike me, he is someone who is giving everything of himself to the issues concerning human use of animals. He is deserving of at least a nobel prize. Actually he is deserving of this all to end.                                                                                                  I am personally disgusted by our treatment and use of animals for our own pleasure, taste, vanity, desires, health, investigation, culture, religious beliefs, tradition and so called furthering of our society.                                                                                                       I have theoretically removed use of animals and animal derived products from my own diet.                                                                                                                                     I am now trying to remove the same from all other aspects of my life. This includes my clothing, furnishings, building materials, cosmetics, medicines, vitamins, cleaning products, art supplies, fuels, additives and anything else that I will be able to think of.I have not found any totally comprehensive source that can tell me where animal and derived products can be found.                                                                                                        I have resolved to start compiling a list of what animal parts are contained in the products i use and may use. I am hoping to discover hidden sources either not overtly stated or changed by use of codes or acronyms. For the list of actual product names click here        I have decided to continue using animal products in feeding my cat. Some research has convinced me that cats are unable to sustain themselves on a vegan diet. They are obligate carnivores and are unable to digest and metabolise vegetable based diets even with protein and taurine supplements. There is much evidence to show that on a vegan diet, cats suffer an ongoing cycle of disease with semi recovery. I will not subject any animal i am responsible for to suffer pain and suffering. Unless I can find other evidence to the COMPLETE contrary, which is not just an opinion, i am not going to make this change. If i was to enjoy life with a dog I would ensure that dog has a vegan diet. Dogs are omnivores and can sustain a happy healthy life on a herbivorous diet.                                 I am trying to concentrate on one animal at a time:                                                  February 2012: cows, consumption, brains, liver, eyes, stomach*, intestines**, skin***,

*revised February 12th 2013                                                                                                 **revised February 13th 2013                                                                                  ***revised February 15th 2013

cow part uses 3


1. human consumption as a whole, generally cooked source: accessed february 8th 2013 3.45pm

2. human consumption as entrails used in sausages, hamburgers, and other processed products

4. animal consumption as pet food mainly cooked.

5. dissection supposedly as an educational tool. It is explained that cow eyes are similar to humans but larger and therefore enables the small and less dexterous hands of primary and secondary students ability to dissect easily and thus insights into the structure of the human eye. It is NOT used for tertiary teaching purposes. source: accessed february 8th 2013 3.54pm

5. experimentation and demonstration of safety issues (on dead cow parts), as evidenced in  this example source: accessed february 8th 2013 4.00pm.

6. cosmetics as used in collagen based products source: accessed february 8th 2013 4.10pm

7. adhesives by extension from item 6 above, the same connective tissues inherent in collagen are refined and utilised as glues, particularly as sizing, paper and woodworking glues. Horses are generally considered the principal source of such material, however it is possible. source: accessed february 8th 2013 4.20pm

8. chinese medicine. I have yet to find any sources in regard to this.

On why these pages exist and for an index of the pages please click here